World’s largest cities with three (3) letter names


Below is a compilation of the world’s largest cities with only three letters in their names. These cities represent a total of 35 nations. Interestingly, none of the cities on the list are from the United States, Canada, Australia, or the United Kingdom. Japan has the highest representation with 15 cities, followed by Nigeria with seven. To be included on the list, cities needed to have a minimum core population of 50,000 residents, excluding the surrounding metropolitan area. Peace!

Fez, Morocco – Source:
  1. Fez, Morocco = 2,740,039 (2023)

2. Aba, Nigeria = 2,534,265 (2016)

3. Goa, India = 1,521,992 (2023)

4. Qom, Iran = 1,201,158 (2016)

5. Qus, Egypt = 512,827 (2021)

6. Ufa, Russia = 1,120,547 (2018 est.)

7. Jos, Nigeria = 622,802 (2010)

8. Ife, Nigeria = 509,035 (2006)

9. Van Turkey = 525,016 (2022)

10. Oyo, Nigeria = 383,687 (2023 est.))

11. Uyo, Nigeria = 390,400 (2020 est.)

12. Kut, Iraq = 389, 400 (2018 est.)

13. Hue, Vietnam = 351,456 (2021)

14.Osh, Kyrgyzstan = 322,164 (2021)

15. Nis, Serbia = 343,950 (2022)

16. Rey, Iran = 349,700 (2016)

17. Owo, Nigeria = 317,030 (2020 est.)

18. Yei, South Sudan = 288,172 (2017)

19. Ica, Peru = 282,407 (2017)

20. Tsu, Japan = 274,827 (2021)

21. Yao, Japan = 263,436 (2022)

22. Ibb, Yemen = 234,837 (2020)

23. Wau, South Sudan = 232,910 (2014 est.)

24. Ota, Japan = 224,358 (2020)

25. Man, Ivory Coast = 188,704 (2014 est.)

26. Cua, Venezuela = 182,925

27. Uji, Japan = 179,630 (2020)

28, Itu, Brazil = 175,568 (2020)

29. Hub, Pakistan = 175,376 (2017)

30. Ube, Japan =168,398 (2016)

31. Ede, Nigeria = 159,866 (2016)

32. Ome, Japan = 131,895 (2021)

33. Bam, Iran = 127,396 (2016)

34. Ulm, Germany = 126,949 (2021)

35. Ise, Japan = 123,533 (2021)

36. Hoi, Vietnam = 121,716 (2022)

37. Mus, Turkey = 120,699 (2022)

38. Sur, Oman = 120,000 (2017 est.)

39. Poa, Brazil = 118,349 (2020)

40. Lae, Papua New Guinea = 100,677 (2012)

41. Oss, Netherlands = 92,526 (2121)

42. Obu, Japan = 92,179 (2019)

43. Iga, Japan = 88,895 (2021)

44. Ama, Japan = 87,651(2019)

45. Leo, Burkina Faso = 85,574 (2019)

46. Mao, Domincan Republic = 82,767 (2019)

47. Lod, Israel = 82,629 (2021)

48. Bor, Russia = 78,063 (2018 est.)

49. Pau, France = 77,575 (2013)

50. Kai, Japan= 73,626 (2021)

51. Erd, Hungary = 71,644 (2022)

52. Moa, Cuba = 73,012 (2020)

53. Sig, Algeria = 70,499 (2008)

54. Ito, Japan = 68,733 (2019)

55. Ina, Japan = 68,177 (2019)

56. San, Mali = 68,067 (2009)

57. Hit, Iraq = 66,700 (2018 est.)

58. Ilo, Peru = 66,118 (2023)

59. Pyu, Myanmar = 63,880 (2014)

60. Lar, Iran = 62,045 (2016)

61. Elk, Poland = 61,677 (2021)

62. Bia, Mali = 61,338 (2009)

63. Uki, Japan = 59,928 (2017)

64. Una, India = 58,528 (2011)

65. Usa, Japan = 55,534 (2017)

66. Rho, Italy = 50,558 (2015)


Posted in Africa, Asia, Cities, Communications, culture, fun, geography, Latin America, North America, Oceania, place names, Russia, South America, toponymy | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Pumpkins return with a “Smashing” good record


Back in the 1990s, the Smashing Pumpkins were among the elite rock bands rotating on MTV. They also released one of the most infectious and enjoyable tunes of the decade with “1979.” Since the turn of the century, their starlit trajectory has waned some through turmoil, time, and changes in musical tastes. That’s why it is so exciting to listen to their new album entitled Atum: A Rock Opera in Three Acts (pronounced like autumn) – their first new release since 2020.


This is not to say the Smashing Pumpkins were necessarily just idly standing by, for Billy Corgan was still penning lyrics and pushing other interests. As a result of this effort, Atum contains a mind-blowing 33 tracks across three disk. Yes, you read that correctly, 33 freaking new songs!

Well, Atum was fully release a few weeks ago and this blog author must say that despite it is extraordinary length (that I don’t mind), the album is excellent. There are few songs that don’t fall into my musical style choices, but there is enough variety and complexity to please most any listener.

Here are my favorite tracks off the record listed alphabetical order (top seven picks in bold):

  • “Avalanche”
  • “Butterfly Suite”
  • “Cenotaph”
  • “Embracer”
  • “Every Morning”
  • “Fireflies” “Cause some dreams do survive”
  • “Space Age”
  • “Spellingbinding”
  • “Springtimes”
  • “To the Grays”
  • “Where Rain Must Fall”

Whether or not you were a fan of the Smashing Pumpkins in the 1990s or have been ever since, this album should be listened to for its depth, beauty, and lyrical insight. One does have to wonder if the title of this masterful record is symbolic as the band’s career and three founding members are traversing into the autumn of their lives.

Posted in art, Communications, culture, entertainment, fun, history, music, music reviews, songs, video, writing | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

City/town names in USA/Canada that end with matching letters

In anticipation of preparing this post, it was never imagined that it would take more than a week of research/compilation and that there would be so many examples across the United States and Canada. In fact, this is the first such place name post published on that has examples coming from all 50 states and all 10 provinces. The only letters of the alphabet not represented on the list at the beginning of a city/town name are the letters “x” and “z.”

Source: kwcf.can

The most common names (by number of states and provinces) that end in two matching letters are:

  • Waterloo = 13
  • Lowell and Marshall = 11 each
  • Pleasant Hill = 10
  • Dundee, Oak Hill, and Russell = 9 each
  • Bartlett = 8
  • DeWitt, Mitchell, and Rose Hill = 7 each
  • Inverness, Kimball, Prescott, and Spring Hill = 6 each

The term “hill” resulted in the most entries on the list. And there are actually a handful of three-letter cities/towns included on the list. They are:

  • Bee, Nebraska and Oklahoma
  • Lee, Massachusetts and New Hampshire
  • Opp, Alabama

Lastly, the largest city on the list is Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Peace…and enjoy the lengthy list provided below.



Abbott, Iowa, Texas

Abee, Alberta

Adell, Wisconsin

Albee, South Dakota

Alburnett, Iowa

Alto Pass, Illinois

Alwinn, Oklahoma

Amagansett, New York

Amulree, Ontario

Anderson Mill, Texas

Anness, Kansas

Apple Hill, Ontario

Aransas Pass, Texas

Arbor Hill, Iowa

Archer Will, Saskatchewan

Ash Hill, North Carolina

Aspinwall, Iowa and Pennsylvania

Austell, Georgia

Austwell, Texas

Averill, Vermont

Axtell, Kansas, Nebraska

Ayer’s Cliff, Quebec

Babb, Montana

Bacliff, Texas

Badger Lee, Oklahoma

Babbitt, Minnesota

Bagnall, Ontario

Bagwell, Texas

Bakerhill, Alabama

Baldhill, Oklahoma

Ballyduff, Ontario

Balsom Hill, Ontario

Banff, Alberta

Banner Hill, Tennessee

Baraboo, Wisconsin

Bardwell, Kentucky

Barnhill, Ohio

Barnwell, South Carolina

Barronett, Wisconsin

Barrell, Iowa

Barrett, Texas

Bartlett, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas

Bassett, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska

Bear Grass, North Carolina

Beaverdell, British Columbia

Beaver Hill, Oregon

Beckett, New Jersey, Oklahoma

Bee, Nebraska, Oklahoma

Bell, Florida, Oklahoma

Bellamys Hill, Ontario

Bell Hill, Washington

Bennett, Colorado, Iowa

Bergoo, West Virginia

Berry Hill, Tennessee

Bethel Hill, North Carolina

Bible Hill, Nova Scotia

Bicknell, Indiana, Utah

Bidwell, Ohio, Ontario

Big Shell, Saskatchewan

Birch Hill, Wisconsin

Birch Tree, Missouri

Bidell, Ontario

Bisbee, Arizona

Blackwell, Texas

Blasdell, New York

Blakeslee, Ohio

Blennerhassett, West Virginia

Blewett, British Columbia

Bliss, New York

Blodgett, Missouri, Oregon

Blucher Hall, British Columbia

Blue Ball, Pennsylvania

Blue Bell, Pennsylvania

Blue Berry Hill, Texas

Blue Hill, Maine, Nebraska

Bluewell, West Virginia

Bluff, Oklahoma, Utah

Bonnet Hill, British Columbia

Boones Mill, Virginia

Boss, Oklahoma

Boswell, British Columbia

Bothell, Washington

Bothwell, Ontario

Boulder Hill, Illinois

Bradwell, Saskatchewan

Bragg, Texas

Braintree, Massachusetts

Braswell, Georgia

Brewster Hill, New York

Briarcliff, Arkansas, Texas

Brier Hill, Ontario

Brinckerhoff, New York

Britt, Ontario

Broadwell, Illinois

Brock Hall, Maryland

Broomall, Pennsylvania

Browndell, Texas

Brownell, Kansas

Brownlee, Nebraska, Saskatchewan

Brucewell, Iowa

Brusett, Montana

Bruch Hill, Oklahoma

Bulpitt, Illinois

Buckhall, Virginia

Bucknell, Iowa

Budd, Iowa

Bunker Hill, Indiana, Kansas, Ontario, Oregon

Bunk Foss, Washington

Bunn, North Carolina

Bunnell, Florida

Burdett, Alberta, Kansas, New York

Burgess, Missouri

Burkburnett, Texas

Burkett, Texas

Burnett, Wisconsin

Burpee, Ontario

Burr, Nebraska

Burstall, Saskatachewan

Burwell, Oklahoma

Bushnell, Florida, Illinois, Nebraska, South Dakota

Byrnes Mill, Missouri

Cadott, Wisconsin

Calahoo, Alberta

Caldwell, Arkansas, Idaho, Iowa, New Jersey, North Carolina, Texas

Call, Texas

Campbell, California, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Texas

Campbell Hill, Illinois

Camp Hill, Alabama and Pennsylvania

Cannon Ball, North Dakota

Cantrall, Illinois

Captree, New York

Carbon Hill, Alabama, Illinois, Ohio

Cardiff, Alberta

Cardwell, Missouri

Carefree, Arizona

Carnduff, Saskatchewan

Carrizo Hill, Texas

Carroll, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Ohio

Cass, West Virginia

Cassatt, South Carolina

Castell, Texas

Castle Hill, Louisiana

Cateechee, South Carolina

Catlett, Virginia

Catskill, New York

Cedar Bluff, Alabama, Iowa, Virginia

Cee Vee, Texas

Center Hill, Florida, New Mexico, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas

Cedar Mill, Oregon

Centralhatchee, Georgia

Chaffee, Missouri

Chalkhill, Pennsylvania

Chamblee, Georgia

Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Tennessee

Chappell Hill, Texas

Charlotte Hall, Maryland

Chassell, Michigan

Cherhill, Alberta

Chesnee, South Carolina

Cherokee, Alabama, Iowa, Kansas, North Carolina

Cherokee Pass, Missouri

Cherry Hill, New Jersey, Virginia

Cherry Tree, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania

Chesterhill, Ohio

Chester Hill, Pennsylvania

Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (2)

Chicopee, Kansas, Massachusetts

Chilhowee, Missouri

Chokoloskee, Florida

Church Hill, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Tennessee

Churchill, Massachusetts, Manitoba, Ontario, Pennsylvania

Clarks Hill, Indiana, South Carolina

Claudell, Kansas

Clayhatchee, Alabama

Claypool Hill, Virginia

Cliff, New Mexico

Clifton Hill, Missouri

Climbing Hill, Iowa

Clitherall, Minnesota

Clyde Hill, Washington

Cobb, Oklahoma, Wisconsin

Cobble Hill, British Columbia

Cobleskill, New York

Cockrell Hill, Texas

Codell, Kansas

Coe Hill, Ontario

Cogswell, North Dakota

Colmesnell, Texas

Colquitt, Georgia

Conestee, South Carolina

Congress, Ohio

Conn, Ontario

Connell, Washington

Coppell, Ontaario, Texas

Copperhill, Tennessee

Cornell, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin

Cornwall, North Carolina, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward Island

Cove Cliff, British Columbia

Cowgill, Missouri

Crabtree, North Carolina, Oregon, Quebec

Crandall, Indiana, Texas

Crest Hill, Illinois

Creswell, North Carolina, Oregon

Cromwell, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota,

Cross, South Carolina

Crossett, Arkansas

Cross Hill, South Carolina

Crowell, Texas

Cullowhee, North Carolina

Cumberland Hill, Rhode Island

Curtiss, Wisconsin

Cut Off, Louisiana – Thanks, Dan!

Cypress, California, Illinois, Texas

Daggett, Michigan

Daisy Hill, Kansas

Dalzell, South Carolina

Darr, Nebraska

Demmitt, Alberta

Demott, Arkansas

Denhoff, North Dakota

De Valls Bluff, Arkansas

DeWitt, Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, NewYork

Diamond Bluff, Wisconsin

Diboll, Texas

Dimmitt, Texas

Dixie Inn, Louisiana

Douglass, Iowa, Kansas

Dover Hill, Indiana

Dowell, Illinois

Drexel Hill, Pennsylvania

Driscoll, North Dakota, Texas

Duchess, Alberta – Thanks, Dan!

Duck Hill, Mississippi

Dudswell, Quebec

Dundee, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Mississippi, New York, Ohio, Quebec, Texas

Dunn, North Carolina

Dupree, South Dakota

Duthill, Ontario

Duvall, Washington

Dyess, Arkansas

Eagle Pass, Texas

East Dundee, Illinois

East Lynn, West Virginia

East Rocky Hill, New Jersey

East Wenatchee, Washington – Thanks, Dan!

Edge Hill, Georgia, Ontario

Eidelweiss, New Hampshire

Elliott, Illinois, Mississippi, North Dakota, South Carolina,

Ellscott, Alberta

Elm Hall, Michigan

Elm Mott, Texas

Elm Tree, Ontario

Embarrass, Wisconsin

Embree, Newfoundland& Labrador

Emmett, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan

Endicott, Nebraska, New York, Washington

Endwell, New York

Englee, Newfoundland and Labrador

Enoree, South Carolina

Estill, South Carolina

Etwell, Ontario

Euharlee, Georgia

Euless, Texas

Eureka Mill, South Carolina

Everett, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Washington,

Ewell, Kansas

Fair Bluff, North Carolina

False Pass, Alaska

Fannett, Texas

Farmers Hill, Oklahoma

Farrell, Mississippi

Farwell, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska

Fassett, Quebec

Fawcett, Alberta

Fentress, Texas

Ferry Pass, Florida

Fewell, Oklahoma

Fishers Hill, Virginia

Fishkill, New York

Flagstaff, Arizona

Flint Hill, Missouri, Virginia

Floweree, Montana

Flower Hill, Maryland, New York

Flynn, Oklahoma, Texas

Fobes Hill, Washington

Follansbee, West Virginia

Follett, Texas

Ford Cliff, Pennsylvania

Forest Hill, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas

Foristell, Missouri

Fort Bragg, California – Thanks, Dan!

Fort Bliss, Texas

Fort Chiswell, Virginia

Fort Hill, Oregon

Fort Lee, New Jersey

Fort Mill, South Carolina

Fort McDermitt, Nevada

Fort Mitchell, Kentucky

Fort Scott, Kansas

Fountain Hill, Arkansas, Pennsylvania,

Frazee, Minnesota

Frizell, Kansas

Fruit Hill, Ohio

Gamewell, North Carolina

Gantt, Alabama

Garnett, Kansas, South Carolina

Garrett, Illinois, Indiana, Pennsylvania, Washington

Garretts Mill, Maryland

Gayle Mill, South Carolina

Gill, Massachusetts

Gillatt, Iowa

Gilles Hill, Ontario

Glen Buell, Ontario

Glen Campbell, Pennsylvania

Glencliff, New Hampshire

Glen Vowell, British Columbia

Gold Hill, North Carolina, Oregon

Gonoa Bluff, Iowa

Goodell, Iowa

Goodwill, Texas

Goree, Texas

Gosnell, Arkansas

Graball, Tennessee

Grace Hill, Iowa

Grand Coulee, Saskatchewan, Washington (Thanks, Dan!)

Grande-Vallée, Quebec

Grants Pass, Oregon

Greater Napanee, Ontario

Green Bluff, Washington

Green Grass, South Dakota

Green Tree, Pennsylvania

Greens Bluff, Texas

Grenfell, Saskatchewan

Greybull, Wyoming

Greycliff, Montana

Grill, Pennsylvania

Grinnell, Iowa, Kansas

Gross, Nebraska

Grove Hill, Alabama

Grover Hill, Ohio

Gunn, Alberta

Gurnee, Illinois

Gwinn, Michigan

Gwynn, Virginia

Hackett, Arkansas

Hall, Montana, New York

Hallowell, Kansas, Maine,

Hamill, South Dakota

Hansell, Iowa

Hanwell, New Brunswick

Hargill, Texas

Harnett, North Carolina

Harpswell, Maine

Harrell, Arkansas

Harris Hill, New York

Hartfell, Ontario

Hartwell, Georgia

Haskell, Arkansas, Texas

Hassell, North Carolina

Haswell, Colorado

Haslett, Michigan

Haverhill, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts, New Hampshire

Hazel Dell, Oklahoma, Washington

Heartwell, Nebraska

Hell, Michigan, North Dakota

Hemphill, Texas

Hempstock Hill, Ontario

Hermann, Missouri

Hess, Oklahoma

Hewitt, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Texas, Wisconsin

Hewlett, New York

Hiawassee, Georgia, Virginia

Hickory Hill, Kentucky

Highfill, Arkansas

High Hill, Missouri, Texas

Hill, New Hampshire

Hitchsmann, Kansas

Hogg, Ontario, Texas

Hokes Bluff, Alabama

Holly Hill, Florida, South Carolina

Holy Cross, Alaska and Iowa

Honaunau-Napoopoo, Hawaii

Honokaa, Hawaii

Hooksett, New Hampshire

Hopeall, Newfoundland & Labrador

Hopewell, Kansas, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia

Hornell, New York

Horn Hill, Alabama

Howell, Michigan, Utah

Hubbell, Michigan, Nebraska

Huff, Texas

Hulett, Wyoming

Hull, Georgia, Massachusetts, and Quebec – now part of Gatineau, Texas

Hunnewell, Kansas, Missouri

Hackett, Arkansas

Hall, Montana, New York

Hallowell, Kansas, Maine,

Hamill, South Dakota

Hansell, Iowa

Hanwell, New Brunswick

Hargill, Texas

Harnett, North Carolina

Harpswell, Maine

Harrell, Arkansas

Harris Hill, New York

Hartfell, Ontario

Hartwell, Georgia

Haskell, Arkansas, Texas

Hassell, North Carolina

Haswell, Colorado

Haslett, Michigan

Haverhill, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts, New Hampshire

Hazel Dell, Oklahoma, Washington

Heartwell, Nebraska

Hell, Michigan, North Dakota

Hemphill, Texas

Hempstock Hill, Ontario

Hermann, Missouri

Hess, Oklahoma

Hewitt, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Texas, Wisconsin

Hewlett, New York

Hiawassee, Georgia, Virginia

Hickory Hill, Kentucky

Highfill, Arkansas

High Hill, Missouri, Texas

Hill, New Hampshire

Hitchsmann, Kansas

Hogg, Ontario, Texas

Hokes Bluff, Alabama

Holly Hill, Florida, South Carolina

Holy Cross, Alaska and Iowa

Honaunau-Napoopoo, Hawaii

Honokaa, Hawaii

Hooksett, New Hampshire

Hopeall, Newfoundland & Labrador

Hopewell, Kansas, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia

Hornell, New York

Horn Hill, Alabama

Howell, Michigan, Utah

Hubbell, Michigan, Nebraska

Huff, Texas

Hulett, Wyoming

Hull, Georgia, Massachusetts, Texas

Hunnewell, Kansas, Missouri

Ida Hill, Ontario

Iliff, Colorado

Immokalee, Florida

Indian Hill, OH

Ingersoll, Qontario

Innisfall, Alberta

Inverness, Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, Montana, Nova Scotia, Quebec

Jarratt, Ontario

Jarrell, Texas

Jarrett, Virginia

Jeff, Kentucky

Jewell, Iowa, Kansas

Jewett, Illinois, Ohio, Texas

Jordan Hill, Louisiana

Judd, Iowa

Kahaluu, Hawaii

Kalamazoo, Michigan

Kalispell, Montana

Kankakee, Illinois

Kapaa, Hawaii

Kekoskee, Wisconsin

Kellogg, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota,

Kemp Mill, Maryland

Kemps Mill, Maryland

Kendall, Florida, Kansas, Washington, Wisconsin

Kennerdell, Pennsylvania

Kennett, Missouri

Kensett, Arkansas, Iowa

Keokee, Virginia

Kewanee, Illinois

Kickapoo, Kansas (6)

Killduff, Iowa

Kimball, Alberta, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Tennessee, West Virginia

Kimmell, Indiana

Kingstree, South Carolina

Kinross, Iowa

Kipp, Kansas

Kirk Hill, Ontario

Kissimmee, Florida

Kittrell, North Carolina

Knapp, Wisconsin

Kualapuu, Hawaii

Lacoochee, Florida

Ladd, Illinois

Laird Hill, Texas

Lake Ann, Michigan

Lake Bluff, Illinois

Lake Cherokee, Texas

Lake Hiwasee, Oklahoma

Lake LeAnn, Michigan

Lake Santee, Indiana

Lake Success, New York

Lancaster Mill, South Carolina

Landess, Indiana

Landfall, Minnesota

Larrabee, Iowa

La Russell, Missouri

Larwill, Indiana

Lauderhill, Florida

Laurel Hill, Florida, North Carolina, Virginia

Lawn Hill, Iowa

Lawtell, Louisiana

Layhill, Maryland

Lead Hill, Arkansas

Lee, Massachusetts, New Hampshire

Lees Mill, New Hampshire

Leggatt, Ontario

Leggett, North Carolina, Texas

Leisure Knoll, New Jersey

Leross, Saskatchewan

Leverett, Iowa, Massachusetts,

Liberty Hill, South Carolina, Texas

Linn, Missouri, Texas

Linton Hall, Virginia

Lodge Grass, Montana

Lofall, Washington

Lone Tree, Colorado, Iowa, Oklahoma, Wyoming

Long Hill, North Carolina

Long Mott, Texas

Loogootee, Indiana

Lookingglass, Oregon

Lott, Texas

Louann, Arkansas

Lovell, Maine, Oklahoma, Wyoming

Lovewell, Kansas

Lowell, Arkansas, Indiana, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Vermont, Wisconsin

Loyall, Kentucky

Ludell, Kansas

Lueck Mill, Ontario

Lugoff, South Carolina

Luttrell, Tennessee

Lynn, Arkansas, Massachusetts, North Carolina

Mabscott, West Virginia

MacNutt, Saskatchewan

Magee, Mississippi

Magness, Arkansas

Malakoff, Texas

Malott, Washington

Mandaree, North Dakota,

Mantee, Mississippi

Maple Bluff, Wisconsin

Maple Hill, Iowa, Kansas, Ontario

Marble Cliff, Ohio

Marble Hill, Missouri

Marshall, Alaska, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, Saskatchewan, Texas, Wisconsin

Mars Hill, Maine, North Carolina

Martin’s Mill, Texas

Marvell, Arkansas

Mary Hill, Iowa

Mashpee, Massachusetts

Maskell, Nebraska

Maumee, Ohio

Maxbass, North Dakota

Maxwell, New Mexico, Oklahoma

Maybee, Michigan

Mayhill, New Mexico

McCall, Idaho

McColl, South Carolina

McConnell, North Carolina, West Virginia

McDermitt, Nevada

McDowell, Kentucky

McFall, Missouri

McGaskill, Arkansas

McGehee, Arkansas

McGill, Nevada

McKee, Kentucky

McNabb, Illinois

Meggett, South Carolina

Mekee, Iowa

Mellott, Indiana

Mendenhall, Mississippi

Menifee, Arkansas

Menifee, California

Menominee, Illinois

Menominee, Michigan

Merrill, Iowa, Maine, Michigan, Oregon, Wisconsin

Merritt, Oklahoma

Miccosukee, Florida

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Minor Hill, Tennessee

Mint Hill, North Carolina

Mission Hill, South Dakota

Mitchell, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Oregon, South Dakota,

Monarch Mill, South Carolina

Monee, Illinois

Monett, Kansas, Missouri,

Morrill, Kansas, Maine, Nebraska

Moores Hill, Indiana

Moosonee, Ontario

Morell, Prince Edward Island

Morgan Hill, California

Morgan Mill, Texas

Morrison Bluff, Arkansas

Mosinee, Wisconsin

Moss Bluff, Louisiana, Texas

Moss Hill, Texas

Mott, North Carolina

Mount Carroll, Illinois

Mount Hamill, Iowa

Mount Jewett, Pennsylvania

Moxee, Washington

Mullica Hill, New Jersey

Munhall, Pennsylvania

Murray Gill, Kansas – yes, that’s the real name

Murray Hill, Kentucky

Muskogee, Oklahoma

Musselshell, Montana

Nappanee, Indiana

Nauvoo, Illinois

Negaunee, Michigan

Netherhill, Saskatchewan

New Braintree, Massachusetts

New Chapel Hill, Texas

New Cordell, Oklahoma

New Dundee, Ontario

Newell, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, West Virginia

New Galilee, Pennsylvania

New Hill, North Carolina

New Lowell, Ontario

New Ross, Indiana

New Tazewell, Tennessee

Nigadoo, New Brunswick

Nocatee, Florida

Northcliff, Texas

Norcross, Georgia

Nordegg, Alberta

North College Hill, Ohio

Northglenn, Colorado

North Hall, Ontario

North Pearsall, Texas

North Randall, Ohio

North Weeki Wachee, Florida

Norwell, Massachusetts

Notch Hill, British Columbia

Nunn, Colorado

Oak Hall, Virginia

Oak Hill, Florida, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, West Virginia

O’Connell, Ontario

Ocee, Texas

Ochaltree, Kansas

Ochlocknee, Georgia

Ocoee, Florida

Oconee, Georgia, Illinois

Odell, Oregon, Texas

O’Donnell, Texas

Ohatchee, Alabama

Okeechobee, Florida

Okeewemee, North Carolina

Okmulgee, Oklahoma

Olcott, New York

Old Massett, British Columbia

Olive Hill, Kentucky

Opp, Alabama

Oradell, New Jersey

Orangetree, Florida

Orchard Hill, Georgia

Orwell, Ohio

Ossipee, New Hampshire, North Carolina,

Otwell, Indiana

Owyhee, Nevada

Oxon Hill, Maryland

Pahokee, Florida

Paradise Hill, Saskatchewan

Park Hill, Oklahoma

Parmelee, South Dakota

Parnell, Iowa

Parrott, Georgia, Virginia

Parshall, North Dakota

Paukaa, Hawaii

Pawnee, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma

Pearsall, Texas

Pecan Hill, Texas

Pee Dee, South Carolina

Peekskill, New York

Pendergrass, Georgia

Penn, Pennsylvania

Pentress, West Virginia

Penwell, Texas

Peperell, Massachusetts

Perlee, Iowa

Perry Hall, Maryland

Petite-Vallée, Quebec

Pewaukee, Wisconsin

Pharr, Texas

Pickett, Oklahoma

Pickrell, Nebraska

Pigeon Hill, New Brunswick

Piggott, Arkansas

Pine Bluff, Arkansas

Pinebluff, North Carolina

Pine Hall, North Carolina

Pine Hill, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina

Pinehill, New Mexico

Pink Hill, North Carolina

Plainwell, Michigan

Plattekill, New York

Pleasant Hill, California, Louisiana (3), Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas

Plum Coulee, Manitoba

Plunkett, Saskatchewan

Plymell, Kansas

Poestenkill, New York

Pointe-Brûlée, New Brunswick

Poplar Bluff, Missouri

Poquott, New York

Porter Hill, Oklahoma

Porter’s Hill, Ontario

Port McNeill, British Columbia

Port Penn, Delaware

Potters Hill, North Carolina

Pounding Mill, Virginia

Powell, Alabama, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming

Prairebell, Iowa

Prairie Dell, Texas

Prairie Hill, Missouri, Texas

Pratt, Kansas, West Virginia

Preakness, New Jersey

Prentiss, Mississippi

Prescott, Arizona, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Ontario, Oregon

Prewitt, New Mexico

Progress, British Columbia, Pennsylvania

Prospect Hill, North Carolina

Pruitt, Oklahoma

Punaluu, Hawaii

Purcell, Kansas, Oklahoma

Pyatt, Arkansas

Quechee, Vemont

Quinn, South Dakota

Radcliff, Kentucky

Randlett, Utah

Ratcliff, Arkansas, Texas

Red Bluff, British Columbia, California

Redcliff, Alberta

Red Cliff, Colorado

Red Cross, North Carolina

Reddell, Louisiana

Red Hill, Oklahoma, South Carolina

Redings Mill, Missouri

Red Oaks Mill, New York

Rek Hill, Texas

Rhinecliff, New York

Rhodell, West Virginia

Rhodhiss, North Carolina

Rich Hill, Missouri

Rickreall, Oregon

Richmond Hill, Georgia, North Carolina, Ontario

Riley Hill, North Carolina

Rio Dell, California

River Bluff, Kentucky

Robb, Alberta

Rockett, Texas

Rock Hall, Maryland

Rock Hill, Louisiana, Missouri, Pennsylvania, South Carolina

Rocky Hill, Connecticut, New Jersey

Rockwell, North Carolina

Rockwall, Texas

Roll, Oklahoma

Rose Hill, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia (2)

Ross, California

Ross, Iowa

Roswell, Georgia, New Mexico, Ohio

Round Hill, Alberta, Virginia

Rowlett, Texas

Ruddell, Saskatchewan

Runn, Texas

Rural Hall, North Carolina

Rural Hill, Tennessee

Rush Hill, Missouri,

Russell, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania

Russett, Oklahoma

Saint-Charles-Borromée, Quebec

Saint-Irénée, Quebec

Sandbluff, Oklahoma

Sand Hill, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas

Sandy Hill, Ontario

Sangoree, South Carolina

Sanostee, New Mexico

Santee, California, Nebraska, South Carolina

Sarah Ann, West Virginia

Sartell, Minnesota

Sawgrass, Florida

Science Hill, Kentucky

Scott, Iowa, Saskatchewan

Scottsbluff, Nebraska – Thanks, Dan!

Scotts Hill, Tennessee

Sea Cliff, New York

Sebree, Kentucky

Sewall, British Columbia

Sewanee, Tennessee

Sewell, New Jersey

Shakopee, Minnesota

Sharon Hill, Pennsylvania

Shawnee, Kansas, Ohio, Oklahoma

Shell, Wyoming

Sherrill, Arkansas, Iowa, New York

Shinewell, Oklahoma

Shongaloo, Louisiana

Sidell, Illinois

Signal Hill, California

Silverhill, Alabama

Silver Hill, Maryland

Skanee, Michigan

Slidell, Louisiana, Texas

Snoqualmie Pass, Washington

Snowball, Ontario

Snow Hill, Maryland, North Carolina,

Society Hill, New Jersey, South Carolina

South Hill, New York, Virginia, Washington

South Hooksett, New Hampshire

South Lead Hill, Arkansas

South Milwaukee, Wisconsin

South Wenatchee, Washington

Spackenkill, New York

Sparkill, New York

Spring Hill, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Tennessee

Springhill, Louisiana, Nova Scotia

Spring Mill, Kentucky

Spy Hill, Saskatchewan

Stapp, Oklahoma

Starr, South Carolina

Steinhatchee, Florida

Stennett, Iowa

St. George’s Hill, Saskatchewan

Stillwell, Iowa, Kansas

Stinnett, Texas

Stockett, Montana

Stockwell, Indiana

Stonebluff, Oklahoma

Stonewall, Louisiana, Manitoba, Mississippi, Texas

Stony Hill, North Carolina

Stovall, North Carolina

Stowell, Texas

Strauss, Kansas

Sugar Hill, Georgia

Success, Arkansas

Sugar Hill, New Hampshire

Summerhill, Ontario, Pennsylvania

Summit Hill, Pennsylvania

Sunapee, New Hampshire

Suwanee, Georgia

Swayzee, Indiana

Swalwell, Alberta

Sweet Grass, Montana

Tallassee, Alabama

Tallahassee, Florida

Tarzwell, Ontario

Taylor Mill, Kentucky

Tazewell, Tennessee, Virginia

Tell, Texas

Temple Hill, Iowa

Tennessee, Illinois

Terre Hill, Pennsylvania

Terrell, North Carolina, Texas

Thompson Hill, Ontario

Thornhill, British Columbia

Thrall, Kansas

Tindall, Missouri

Tomball, Texas

Tomlinson Hill, Texas

Tower Hill, Illinois

Tralee, Ontario

Treadwell, Ontario

Tribes Hill, New York

Triplett, Missouri

Tripp, South Dakota

Truckee, California

Trumann, Arkansas

Trumbull, Connecticut, Nebraska

Truscott, Texas

Tunnel Hill, Georgia, Pennsylvania

Turrell, Arkansas

Tuskegee, Alabama, Oklahoma

Tyndall, South Dakota

Udall, Kansas

Udell, Iowa

Uhthoff, Ontario

Union Cross, North Carolina

Union Hill, Illinois, Oklahoma, Texas

Union Hill-Novelty Hill, Washington

Union Mill, Virginia

Updegraff, Iowa

Uphill, Ontario

Valley Hill, North Carolina

Vankleek Hill, Ontario

Van Tassell, Wyoming

Varnell, Georgia

Vass, North Carolina

Vauxhall, Alberta, New Jersey

Vernon Hill, Massachusetts

Violet Hill, Ontario

Wagstaff, Kansas

Wahoo, Nebraska

Waite Hill, Ohio

Walkill, New York

Wall, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas

Wallagrass, Maine

Walnut Hill, Illinois, Tennessee

Walthall, Mississippi

Walthill, Nebraska Watch Hill, Rhode Island

Waterfall, Ontario

Waterloo, Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Quebec, South Carolina, Texas, Wisconsin

Wabaunsee, Kansas

Walcott, North Dakota

Walker Mill, Maryland

Wanblee, South Dakota

Wann, Nebraska

Wardell, Missouri

Water Mill, New York

Waukee, Iowa

Waumandee, Wisconsin

Waunakee, Wisconsin

Wausaukee, Wisconsin

Wavell, Ontario

Waycross, Georgia – Thanks, Dan!

Webb, Iowa, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Saskatchewan

Wenatchee, Washington

Wendell, Idaho, Massachusetts, Minnesota,

West Dundee, Illinois

Westfall, Kansas

West Hill, Ohio

West Kill, New York

West Linn, Oregon

West Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Westoff, Texas

West Ossipee, New Hampshire

Whale Pass, Alaska

Wheeless, Oklahoma

White Bluff, Tennessee

White Cross, North Carolina

White Hall, Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Texas

Whitehall, Montana, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin

Whitsett, North Carolina, Texas

Whitt, Texas

Whitwell, Tennessee

Wickett, Texas

Willacoochee, Georgia

Willow Hill, Illinois

Wilsall, Montana

Winding Cypress, Florida

Winfall, North Carolina

Winn, Maine

Winnett, Montana

Withee, Wisconsin

Witherbee, New York

Wolcott, Connecticut, Indiana, New York,

Woodruff, Kansas, South Carolina, Utah, Wisconsin

Woodhull, Illinois

Wounded Knee, South Dakota

Woxhall, Pennsylvania

Wrangell, Alaska

Wrenshall, Minnesota

Wynantskill, New York

Wyatt, Indiana, Missouri, North Carolina

Yamhill, Oregon

Yankee Hill, Nebraska

Yellow Bluff, Alabama

Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan

Yemassee, South Carolina



  • for cities, towns, villages, hamlets, unincorporated communities, localities, municipalities, tribal communities, and census-designated places for each state and/or province and territory
  • – not very helpful as it could not understand the data I was trying to collect
  • personal knowledge
Posted in Canada, Cities, Communications, geography, history, Language, place names, States, Statistics, topography, toponymy | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

The High Desert bursts forth in a symphony of colors

It has been fascinating to watch the vast variety of plants burst forth with they spring time blossoms here in New Mexico’s High Desert environment for the first time. Below are a series of photographs from the past week showing the amazing array of colors. Anyone who states a desert is dull and lifeless either doesn’t know what they are talking about or has never been to one in the spring. Peace!

Posted in art, climate, deserts, diversity, ecosystems, entertainment, environment, fun, geography, hiking, landscape architecture, natural history, nature, peace, pictures, Science, tourism, Travel, weather, Wildlife, xeriscaping | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Scaling peaks of stone despite achy bones: A memoir and and an aspiration

I wish I had discovered my passion for peak hiking earlier in life. Not realizing it until my early 60s has left me with less time to explore summits than I would have preferred. Despite the delay, the rewards often outweigh the nagging aches and pains along the way. Whether it’s a breathtaking vista, the sighting of a new bird for my life list, encounters with bighorn sheep, mesmerizing cloud formations, or simply the meditative sound of a mountain breeze through a forest, there’s something about reaching the top of a hill, dune, ridge, bluff, or mountain that soothes one’s innermost soul. I can’t quite put my finger on it, but these climbs seem to increase serotonin levels, leaving me exhilarated by the challenge and allowing life’s little annoyances to fade into the recesses of my mind. I truly feel at peace upon a mountaintop.

Sandia Mountains of central New Mexico

Sometimes my thoughts wander to the possibility of embarking on longer treks at my age. As someone who has never been fond of the idea of rugged back-country camping, I find myself surprisingly intrigued by the idea of hiking for multiple days and weeks to complete a significant trek. One that most frequently comes to mind is the Colorado Trail—a journey of approximately 486 miles between Denver and Durango (longer if you hike the whole loop in the middle), characterized by an average elevation of 10,300 feet and more than 89,000 feet of elevation gain throughout its mountain-studded course.


Amazon link* – Uphill Both Ways

*A small commission is earned from purchases that are made using the above link to Amazon. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.


Given that I have only conquered two peaks above 10,000 feet thus far, this goal may seem ambitious. Nevertheless, my mind continues to wander there, especially since a trip to Durango in April and reading the captivating chronicle of a family of five who took on the Colorado Trail in 2016. Uphill Both Ways: Hiking Towards Happiness on the Colorado Trail is a remarkable read that resonated with me not only because it showcases the wonders of the Colorado Trail, but also due to its honest portrayal of the trek, highlighting its many challenges, hardships, and rewards.


In her book, author Andrea Lani presents an intimate portrait of their long-distance hike, viewing it not solely as personal/group accomplishment, but also as a means of seeking healing and solace from the trials and tribulations of daily life. In places the Colorado Trail succeeds, while in others it fails…often the result of past human actions or current human behavior. Both the positive and negative aspects are described in vivid detail.

Cerro Cuarte in central New Mexico

Ms. Lani’s book has helped inspire me to contemplate stepping out of my usual comfort zone and embarking on a long trek. This is in spite of the anticipated pains, intestinal discomforts, griminess, annoyances, foul weather potential, and persistent fear that I may be incapable of completing, or worse, surviving such an endeavor intact. Fear has too often dictated my actions or inactions for many years, but perhaps it’s time to overcome those demons that have held me back.

View from the Sacramento Mountain of southern New Mexico

Only time will tell, but I want to express my gratitude to Andrea Lani and the 200+ peaks I have conquered thus far on day hikes (dutifully recorded on for at least opening my eyes to the possibility of attempting such a feat. For that, I am eternally grateful. Peace and happy hiking!

View from the Jemez Mountains of northern New Mexico
Posted in art, book reviews, books, culture, deserts, ecosystems, entertainment, environment, family, fun, geography, Geology, health, hiking, history, infrastructure, land use, logistics, Love, Maps, Mining, mountains, natural history, nature, peace, pictures, placemaking, planning, pollution, psychology, reading, recreation, rivers/watersheds, spatial design, Statistics, sustainability, topography, toponymy, tourism, trails, transportation, Travel, visual pollution, walking, water, Wilderness, Wildlife, Women, writing | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Ten favorite and least favorite state capital cities

Provided below are lists of favorite and least favorite state capital cities across the country. These are based on impressions obtained from visiting and in some cases, living in those cities (Indianapolis, Columbus, and Lansing). The list is not based on an entirely inclusive of all 50 state capitals, as there are eight (8) state capital cities that have not been visited to date. These are Carson City, NV; Dover, DE; Frankfort, KY; Helena, MT; Honolulu, HI; Olympia, WA; Salem, OR; and Tallahassee, FL.

While it may be considered old-fashioned, a capital city should never be ordinary. It should possess symbolism, inspire awe, and exude elegance, particularly in terms of its location, design, impression, style, and the overall appearance of its government buildings. It is also beneficial for the city to have other civic features such as a prominent university, parks, and museums, ideally arranged in a coordinated manner.

Beyond those attributes, the capital city should represent the people of that state in a manner that depicts pride in their state and city. Otherwise, one can come away with quite the opposite impression. A capital city that is excessively industrial, dreary, polluted, or that lacks distinctiveness cannot hope to inspire residents nor politicians to aspire to (or achieve) greatness.


  1. Santa Fe, New Mexico – Santa Fe is a city that is universally admired. Nestled at the base of the majestic Sangre de Cristo Mountains, it radiates an irresistible charm, exemplifying a perfect blend of style, grace, and rich cultural heritage. With its breathtaking adobe architecture and captivating history, Santa Fe captivates visitors and residents alike.

The city embraces a low-rise aesthetic, allowing its natural surroundings to take center stage. One cannot help but be captivated by the abundance of museums in Santa Fe, offering a trove of art and knowledge. Additionally, the city proudly boasts the distinction of being home to the sole circular state house in the entire nation, further adding to its unique appeal.

Where else would you expect to find such an enchanting city? The Land of Enchantment, of course!

New Mexico State Capitol – Source:
Santa Fe – Source:

2. Albany, New York – The state capitol complex in Albany is remarkable, leaving a lasting positive impression with its eye-catching architecture and commanding presence. Perched atop a vantage point, it offers a breathtaking view of the majestic Hudson River, enhancing the city’s overall allure even further.

Albany’s equally impressive State University of New York (SUNY) campus also contributes to the city’s reputation as a place of architectural splendor and educational distinction.

Albany – Source:

3. Madison, Wisconsin – A beautiful isthmus location set between two crystal blue lakes. Madison is definitely the handsomest capital city in the Great Lakes Region. Its combination of natural beauty and educational prominence through the University of Wisconsin, creates a thriving and dynamic atmosphere for governmental and intellectual pursuits.

Madison embodies the perfect blend of scenic splendor and educational advancement, making it a truly exceptional capital city.

Madison with Frank Lloyd.Wright’s Monona Terrace in the foreground. – Source:

4. Annapolis, Maryland – A charming colonial city nestled on the shores of Chesapeake Bay, Annapolis evokes a sense of history and tranquility. Its low-rise buildings and preserved colonial architecture transport visitors to a bygone era. Notably, Annapolis is home to the prestigious Naval Academy, adding to its significance and patriotic spirit.

While facing the potential threat of urban sprawl from neighboring Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, Annapolis has managed to retain its unique character and allure. Taking a leisurely walk through the city is akin to embarking on a journey through time. The city’s compactness adds to its appeal, as it encourages delightful exploration on foot.

Annapolis – Source:

5. Boston, Massachusetts – Boston, similar to Annapolis but on a significantly larger scale, seems to effortlessly combine its size with an incredible charm. This vibrant city remains remarkably walkable, inviting residents and visitors to explore its streets and immerse themselves in its undeniable appeal.

Boston boasts a thriving downtown area, with its lively atmosphere and numerous attractions. The iconic Boston Common serves as a central gathering place, drawing people from all walks of life. The city is also home to a multitude of prestigious universities and museums, enriching the intellectual and cultural fabric of the area.

The city exudes a distinct character, characterized by its unique neighborhoods, each with its own charm and personality. Boston has managed to strike a perfect balance as a metropolis that retains its grandeur while offering a welcoming and inviting atmosphere.

Overall, Boston has successfully crafted a recipe for a thriving big city that maintains its dignified allure and sense of identity. Its ability to evolve while embracing its rich history is truly commendable.

Boston – Source: (original source unknown)

6. Salt Lake City, Utah – Bookended by the majestic Wasatch Range on the east and the Great Salt Lake to the west, Salt Lake City boasts breathtaking vistas throughout. The capital complex is beautifully positioned, slightly removed from the downtown area, allowing for an impressive backdrop of stunning mountains. This picturesque setting lends an air of grandeur to both the capitol building itself and the entire city.

Adding to the city’s allure, is the iconic Mormon Temple, a striking architectural masterpiece that captivates visitors with its elegance and significance. Furthermore, the presence of the University of Utah infuses the Salt Lake City with an extra dose of vibrancy and intellectual energy.

Salt Lake City – Source:

7. Jefferson City, Missouri – Located just a bit off the beaten path, Jefferson City may not be in the forefront of popular tourist destinations, but its scenic beauty and picturesque charm make it a hidden gem. The Missouri State Capitol, perched atop a small hill, commands a breathtaking view of the Missouri River, further accentuating the beauty of both the building itself and the entire city.

Much like low-rise Santa Fe and Annapolis, Jefferson City allows the government edifices to take center stage and shine. The architectural splendor of the government buildings is given prominence against the backdrop of the city’s natural surroundings. Embarking on the road less traveled to visit Jefferson City can be a rewarding detour from the dull sameness of the Interstate Highways.

Jefferson City – Source:
Jefferson City – Source:

8. Boise, Idaho – Boise offers a captivating blend of natural splendor and urban environment. The city’s location amidst the Rocky Mountains, coupled with its notable capitol complex, makes it a destination that leaves a lasting impression on those who visit the city.

Boise – Source:

9. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania – Harrisburg’s revival, coupled with its picturesque site overlooking the Susquehanna River and the magnificence of the capitol complex, makes it a capital city that commands attention. With its blend of natural beauty and architectural splendor, Harrisburg offers a renewed vibrancy that is worthy of exploration and appreciation.

Harrisburg – Source:

10. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma – Oklahoma City has made remarkable strides in revitalizing its image and enhancing the quality of life following the tragic 1995 Federal Building bombing. The city’s efforts in revitalization and rejuvenation have yielded impressive results. The downtown area, particularly the vibrant Bricktown district, stands as a testament to their success.

The presence of the University of Oklahoma in nearby Norman adds to the city’s cultural and educational landscape. Additionally, Oklahoma City boasts numerous museums and cultural sites, offering residents and visitors opportunities for enrichment, entertainment, and enjoyment.

Bricktown Canal District in Oklahoma City – Source:



  1. Jackson, Mississippi – The ongoing actions of the Mississippi legislature have unfortunately had a negative impact on the appeal of Jackson, the state’s capital city. Rather than serving as a showplace that depicts the best aspects of the state, the decisions and policies implemented by the legislature have led to a decline in the city’s image and desirability. It is important for leaders to prioritize the well-being of their capital cities, ensuring they serve as beacons of prosperity, innovation, and civic pride. Sadly, in the case of Jackson, the current situation highlights the need for a more positive and constructive governing, one that nurtures and uplifts the city rather than driving it into the ground.

2. Baton Rouge, Louisiana – Despite being a state capital city and home to a major university (Louisiana State University), is difficult to find Baton Rouge visually appealing. The presence of numerous oil refineries and related industries in and around the city and its environs tends to overshadow the attributes of city.

3. Trenton, New Jersey – Trenton is unique in the fact that it is the only state capital city located at/on the border with another state (Pennsylvania). Despite its presence on the Delaware River and witness to important historical events, to date Trenton has not moved forward in a manner that sets it apart as an inspiring capital city.

4. Springfield, Illinois – While Lincoln’s legacy and the preservation efforts of the National Park Service around his home are commendable, it is essential for a capital city to continually strive for progress, innovation, and a thriving urban environment. It is natural to desire to see a balance between honoring historical figures and fostering a dynamic and engaging cityscape. To date, Springfield has moved little beyond Mr. Lincoln himself.

5. Charleston, West Virginia – Charleston sits along a narrow river valley and boasts a truly beautiful capital building. However, the city’s overall charm is significantly diminished by the presence of numerous chemical factories that line the river valley.

6. Concord, New Hampshire – Kinda just there. Nothing noteworthy or outstanding to make Concord move off this list.

7. Juneau, Alaska – Though located in a lovely natural setting, Juneau has difficulty overcoming an isolated location that is tough to reach – boat or airplane are the only options. Any state capital building and/or capital city should be reasonably accessible to all the residents of the state. Otherwise, the public’s ability to oversee their own government is significantly eroded.

8. Cheyenne, Wyoming – Unremarkable. Perhaps that says it all. Also, it’s totally split in two by railroads. While railroads were critical to development of the city and the American West, a capital city should be more…much more that what Cheyenne has achieved to date.

9. Austin, Texas – Like several other capital cities, such as Nashville, Denver, Columbus, Boise, Indianapolis, and Raleigh, Austin is experiencing the challenges that come with rapid growth. This often brings about changes that can impact the city’s original identity, charm, and unique character. And in Austin’s case, it’s weirdness.

Cities that undergo significant population increases and development may face what could be referred to as the “Phoenix or Atlanta syndrome.” This phenomenon refers to the potential loss of a city’s original identity and distinctiveness as it becomes overwhelmed by booming growth and its associated changes.

While rapid growth brings economic opportunities and attracts newcomers, it can also lead to a myriad of challenges such as increased traffic, rising costs of living, and the potential loss of the city’s original charm. Austin is definitely facing a “crisis of charm” at this moment.

10. Lansing, Michigan – The presence of numerous surface parking lots surrounding the capitol complex in Lansing detracts from its overall appeal. Additionally, the city is dotted with the remnants and makeovers of former manufacturing plants, as well as a continued industrial vibe/presence. This can contribute to a less-than-picturesque impression, especially to visitors.

By contrast, neighboring East Lansing is often regarded as more visually appealing and boasts a more pleasant visual appearance. The city benefits from its association with Michigan State University (MSU) and the vibrancy that comes with a thriving college town.

Given Michigan’s abundant vistas and beautiful lakes throughout the state, one could easily question the choice of Lansing as the state capital. It certainly is far afield from the Upper Peninsula. Perhaps a more scenic and northerly location could have been selected, that better reflected the natural splendor that all of Michigan has to offer. Given that scenario is quite unlikely to occur, both the city and state should better strive to make Lansing more visually appealing throughout the city, not just in certain areas like Old Town, the Stadium District, and REO Town.

Posted in architecture, art, branding, business, cities, civics, civility, colleges, commerce, culture, demographics, diversity, downtown, economic development, Economy, education, entertainment, geography, government, health, historic preservation, history, Housing, humanity, inclusiveness, industry, infrastructure, land use, marketing, mountains, natural history, new urbanism, place names, placemaking, planning, politics, pollution, racism, recreation, revitalization, rivers/watersheds, schools, skylines, social equity, spatial design, sprawl, States, sustainability, third places, topography, toponymy, tourism, Trade, traffic, transportation, Travel, urban design, urban planning, visual pollution | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Los destinos divinos de Latinoamérica: Ciudades con nombres religiosos más allá de San/o, o Santa/o [Latin America’s divine destinations: Cities with religious names beyond San/o, or Santa/o]

Concepción, Chile – Source:

A continuación se enumeran las ciudades y pueblos de América Latina que tienen nombres religiosos, pero no incluyen San, Sao, Santa o Santo en su nombre. Esto también sería no tener Saint en su nombre en inglés o francés. Como se puede ver en la lista, hay bastantes ciudades que cumplen con los criterios, lo que representa 22 de las 33 naciones de América Latina y el Caribe. Los términos comunes incluyen ascensión, Belén, concepción, cruz, Jesús, natividad, rosario, salvador y trinidad.

Listed below are those cities and towns in Latin America that have religious names, but do not include San, Sao, Santa, or Santo in their name. This would also not having Saint in their name in English or French. As can be seen from the list, there are quite a few cities that meet the criteria, representing 22 of the 33 nations in Latin America/Caribbean. Common terms include ascension, Bethlehem, conception, cross, Jesus, nativity, rosary, savior, and trinity.

Rosario, Argentina – Source:

Como siempre, todas las adiciones, correcciones o sugerencias son bienvenidas para que la lista sea lo más completa posible. Las ciudades más grandes se muestran en negrita. Paz!

As always, any additions, corrections, or suggestions are most welcome to make the list as complete as possible. Larger cities are shown in bold. Peace!

Asunción, Paraguay – Source:
  • Ascensión, Mexico
  • Asunción, Paraguay
  • Barra de Navidad, Mexico
  • Belén, Costa Rica
  • Belém, Brazil
  • Belem, Peru
  • Belén de Bajirá, Colombia
  • Belén de Choapa, Chile
  • Belén de Carrillo, Costa Rica
  • Belén de Escobar, Argentina
  • Belén de María, Guatemala
  • Belén de Sajonia, Paraguay
  • Belén de Ubaté, Colombia
  • Belén de Umbría, Colombia
  • Belén de Yaví, Argentina
  • Belén de los Andaquíes, Colombia
  • Belén de los Catas, Argentina
  • Belén de los Gachas, Colombia
  • Belén de los Morros, Venezuela
  • Belén de los Navarro, Nicaragua
  • Bethlehem, Chile
  • Bethlehem, Honduras
  • Campo de la Cruz, Colombia
  • Colonia de Sacramento, Uruguay
  • Concepción, Argentina
  • Concepción, Chile
  • Concepción, Costa Rica
  • Concepción, Paraguay
  • Concepción del Bermejo, Argentina
  • Concepción de La Vega, Dominican Republic
  • Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti
  • Divinópolis, Brazil
  • Dominical, Costa Rica
  • El Rosario, El Salvador
  • Encarnación, Paraguay
  • Fraijanes, Guatemala
  • Gosén, Bolivia
  • Gosén, Brazil
  • Guadalupe, Costa Rica
  • Guadalupe, Dominican Republic
  • Guadalupe, Mexico
  • Guadalupe, Panama
  • Jesús de Otoro, Honduras
  • Jesús María, Argentina
  • Jesús María, Mexico
  • Jesús de Machaca, Bolivia
  • Jesús Menéndez, Cuba
  • La Asunción, Venezuela
  • La Cruz, Costa Rica
  • La Fe, Cuba
  • La Paz, Bolivia
  • La Paz, Mexico
  • La Trinité, Martinique
  • Los Angeles, Chile
  • Magdalena, Argentina
  • Magdalena, Bolivia
  • Magdalena, Mexico
  • Natal, Brazil
  • Natividade, Brazil
  • Natividad, Mexico
  • Nazareth, Brazil
  • Nuestra Señora de Dios, Argentina
  • Pascua, Argentina
  • Pascua, Ecuador
  • Providencia, Chile
  • Puerto Ángel, Mexico
  • Puerto la Cruz, Venezuela
  • Rosario, Argentina
  • Rosario do Sul, Brazil
  • Rosario, Mexico
  • Rosario, Paraguay
  • Salvador, Brazil
  • Salvador do Sul, Brazil
  • Trinidad, Bolivia
  • Trinidad, Cuba
  • Trinidad, Paraguay
  • Trinidad, Uruguay
  • Vera Cruz, Argentina
  • Vera Cruz, Brazil
  • Veracruz, Mexico
  • Vera Cruz, Paraguay


Posted in Caribbean, cities, Communications, culture, fun, geography, history, Language, Latin America, Maps, Mexico, place names, Religion, South America, Statistics, toponymy, Travel | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ten dreamy planning lessons from cruising Michigan’s Woodward Corridor


The following are ten planning lessons from the quartet of amazing Detroit area suburban cities situated along the famous Woodward Corridor, home of the annual Dream Cruise each August. Those four Southeast Michigan cities are Birmingham, Ferndale, Pontiac, and Royal Oak.

  • While much of suburban Detroit consists of bland tract housing and sprawl, the cities along the Woodward Corridor are among an increasing number of places in metropolitan Detroit that actively practice exceptional urban planning techniques including increased densities, adaptive reuse, mixed uses, walkability, back-in parking, landscaping treatments, and community placemaking efforts.
Downtown Birmingham, Michigan – Source:
  • Birmingham, Michigan boasts one of the most lively and pedestrian-friendly downtown areas for a smaller city in the Midwest. Its favorable urban layout can be attributed in part to the fact that modern Woodward Avenue bypasses the downtown by only a few blocks, allowing for a more compact and navigable city center, especially for pedestrians and bicyclists.
  • Royal Oak and Ferndale also possess charming and thriving downtown districts, which have been hampered to some extent by the presence of overly-broad roadways bisecting their respective centers. In Ferndale, the culprit is Woodward Avenue, while in Royal Oak, Main Street has posed a similar challenge.
  • Main Street in Royal Oak should be relatively easy to adjust by applying both tactical and permanent road diet techniques. There seems to be little or no need for Main Street to be so broad through the downtown area.
Downtown Royal Oak looking along Main Street – Source:
  • Meanwhile, Ferndale is presently working with the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) to improve cross-Woodward Corridor movement through its downtown area by means of the “Ferndale Moves” program. Mobility improvements along the Woodward Corridor include the following:

Resurfacing of Woodward from 8 Mile to the northern Ferndale city limit

The reduction of a travel lane on each side of Woodward

Targeted improvements to curbs

Shortening of pedestrian crossings

Parking-protected bike lanes

Improved visibility at intersections

Accessible curb ramps

Bus islands

Drainage improvements

  • To enhance vibrancy of their downtown areas and promote local commerce, Royal Oak and Ferndale have implemented creative concepts that permit customers to move freely between dining, entertainment, shopping, and drinking establishments while carrying their drinks. In Royal Oak, this concept is identified as the city’s “Social District,” while Ferndale has established a “Patio Zone” that serves the same function. These forward-thinking initiatives have injected fresh vitality into these communities and help generate higher foot traffic for nearby businesses.
  • Ferndale, at the southeast end of the Woodward Corridor, has been traditionally been more affordable than either Royal Oak or Birmingham. Maintaining Ferndale’s delightfully funky and eclectic character along with its affordability is critical. Meanwhile, at the opposite end of the Woodward Corridor, Pontiac hopes to generate new development/redevelopment to revitalize the city’s core and nearby residential neighborhoods through re-establishment of two-way traffic on the Woodward Loop around downtown utilizing pedestrian-friendly landscaped boulevards.
  • A commuter rail line along the Amtrak corridor between downtown Detroit and Pontiac would be an excellent addition to the local and regional transportation network, while also allowing for intermodal linkages within and between each community.
  • During these troubling times when political and media-generated hostility towards minority groups, including the LGBTQ+ community, is pervasive, it was heartening to witness “Drag Queen Bingo” being played in a bustling venue in downtown Royal Oak. It is crucial to understand that any attempt to segregate or exclude particular segments of the community can have detrimental effects on the overall health and welfare of the community as a whole.
  • The Woodward Dream Cruise featuring more than 40,000 classic, vintage, and unique designer motor vehicles is an excellent example of multiple communities (nine) working together to present an Americana spectacle over an exciting summer weekend that is enjoyed by more than 1.5 million attendees.
Dream Cruise cars on display in Ferndale – Source:


If the Woodward Dream Cruise intrigues you, here are two books on the subject that are available through*

Link – Joyride

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Cities and towns on the go –> Go –> GO!


For a little fun on a Friday, the following list identifies those cities and towns around the globe whose name (or a portion thereof) ends with the pronunciation of “go.” Geographically, there are 23 nations represented on the list, as well as 23 states. Several very large cities are included, such as Chicago, Illinois; Santiago, Chile; San Diego, California; and Durango, Mexico.

As always, any additions, corrections, or suggestions are most welcome. Peace!


Antigo, WI, USA

Argo, AL, USA

Chicago, IL, USA

Chicago Heights, IL, USA

Chicago Park, CA, USA

Chicago Ridge, IL, USA

Chisago City, MN, USA

Congo Town, Bahamas – added 5/13/23

Diego Martin, Trinidad & Tobago

Dingo, Australia – added 5/13/23

Durango, CO, USA

Durango, IA, USA

Durango, Mexico

Durango, Spain (2)

East Chicago, IN, USA

East Chicago Heights, IL, USA – renamed Ford Heights, IL, USA

El Lago, Colombia

El Lago, Texas

Fargo, ND, USA

Hugo, MN, USA

Keego Harbor, MI, USA

Key Largo, FL USA

Lago, Italy

Lago, Portugal

Lago, Spain

Lago, TX, USA

Lake Oswego, OR, USA

Largo, FL, USA

Largo, MD, USA

Lubango, Angola

Marengo, Australia

Marengo, SK, Canada

Marengo, AL, USA

Marengo, IL, USA

Marengo, IN, USA

Marengo, IA, USA

Marengo, NE, USA

Marengo, OH, USA

Marengo, WA, USA (2)

Marengo, WI, USA

Margo, Cyprus – ghost town

Margo, VA, USA

Mingo, WV, USA

Mingo Junction, OH, USA

Montego Bay, Jamaica

Murringo, Australia

Muskego, WI, USA – added 5/13/23

New Chicago, IN, USA

North Chicago, IL, USA

Oswego, IL, USA

Oswego, NY, USA

Pago Pago, American Samoa – added 5/13/23

Peshtigo, WI, USA

San Diego, CA, USA

San Diego, Philippines

San Diego, TX, USA

San Diego de la Unión, Mexico

San Diego de Alejandría, Colombia

Santiago, Chile

Santiago, Panama

Santiago, Spain

Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic

Santiago de Cali, Colombia

Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Santiago de Cuba, Cuba

Santiago de Querétaro, Mexico

Santiago del Estero, Argentina

Sligo, Ireland

Sligo, KY, USA

Sligo, LA, USA

Sligo, MD, USA

Sligo, MO, USA

Sligo, NC, USA

Sligo, OH, USA

Sligo, PA, USA

Sligo, TX, USA

Spinetta Marengo, Italy

Upper Largo, Scotland

Vago, WV, USA

Vigo, Spain

Vigo di Cadore, Italy

Vigo Village, England, UK

West Chicago, IL, USA

West Fargo, ND, USA

Winnebago, MN, USA


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Twelve planning lessons from the Interstate Highway System

The following are 12 planning lessons learned from America’s Interstate Highway System. Just as the network continues to expand with the addition of new routes such as I-11 in Nevada and Arizona, I-14 in Texas, I-42 and I-87 in North Carolina, and other future corridors, this list could be much, much longer. However, in the interest of time and brevity, here are your top dozen.

In the end, one has to ask if the Interstates have essentially become “Roads to Nowhere” because of the bland quick-serve monoculture they leave behind in their wake? Peace!

  • Utilizing Interstates for urban renewal and so-called “slum clearance” was one of the greatest urban tragedies of the 20th Century. Is it any wonder that trust is so lacking still today?
  • How and where freeways were/are located has been and continues to be very much a race, class, and equity issue.
  • Building freeways through the heart of cities rips apart the very fabric of the adjoining neighborhoods and inundates the residents with noise, glare, and pollution. One finds it hard to imagine the benefits of these highways have outweighed the detriments of obliterating large parts of our cities.
  • No future Interstate Highway should be built through the heart of a city and those that have been should be removed and/or redesigned in a manner which compliments the existing tapestry of the city.
  • A freeway cap is often just a bandaid on a gushing wound. Furthermore, they tend to most benefit the wealthy instead of those adversely impacted when the freeway was first built.
  • Being bypassed by an Interstate often spelled disaster for many small towns and their business community. Meanwhile, being completely missed by the Interstate Highway System actually proved to be a blessing for many remote and scenic cities/places like Jackson Hole, Bar Harbor, Durango, Steamboat Springs, Bisbee, Kalispell, Traverse City, Lake Placid, Key West, and many more.
  • Some highway departments prefer to stay addicted to the false-fix of ever-widening freeways rather than seek alternative solutions to congestion.
26 lane wide I-10/Katy Freeway in Houston – Source:
  • Between the makeshift memorials and the signed dedications to lost loved ones, our nation’s highway system, including the Interstates, have begun to look like an elongated graveyard of sorrow.
  • Don’t build more freeways until the states find mechanisms to properly maintain what they currently have.
“Road to Nowhere” – Source:
  • Building an Interstate, even to nowhere, is akin to extending water and sewer lines – “If you build it, they will come!”
  • Some states like North Carolina seem to sprout new Interstate Highways like weeds. One wonders, at what point will enough be enough?
  • The Interstate Highway System was a remarkable engineering achievement for its time. In the 21st century, however, a bold new vision for our national transportation network is needed — one that is based on the needs of all citizens, not just those who drive.

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