Geography of Costco logistics in North America


Tepeji del Rio, Mexico - Source:

Costco distribution depot in Tepeji del Rio, Mexico – Source:

Below is a list of Costco’s distribution centers (they refer to them as depots) in North America and their square footage. Following the list is a weblink to a map created which shows how there are dispersed across the continent. Many of the Costco depots consist of a building for dry goods and a separate one of wet goods. In some cases there is another building for meat processing. The square footages provided represent the size of the entire Costco facility. The newest depot is currently under construction just off I-94 in Belleville, Michigan, between Detroit and Ann Arbor.

As of the end of 2014, there were 474 Costco warehouse stores in the United States (served by 10 depots, plus one under construction), 88 in Canada (served by four depots), and 34 in Mexico (served by one depot in the country and the Laredo, TX facility).

Costco distribution centers (depots)  in North America

  • Airdrie, AB, Canada:                      220,000 square feet (can be exp. to 433,000 sq. ft.)
  • Atlanta (College Park), GA:          total size unknown
  • Belleville, MI (opening 2015):      342,384 square feet
  • Brampton, ON, Canada:                358,013 square feet
  • Dallas, TX:                                        335,695 square feet
  • Langley, BC:                                       total size unknown
  • Laredo, TX:                                       188,179 square feet
  • Mira Loma, CA:                                800,000 square feet
  • Monroe, NJ:                                    1,127,000 square feet
  • Monrovia, MD:                                 593,400 square feet with new expansion
  • Morris, IL:                                         850,000 square feet
  • St. Bruno, QC:                                   total size unknown
  • Salt Lake City, UT:                           535,025 square feet
  • Sumner, WA:                                     500,000 square feet
  • Tepeji del Rio, Mexico:                    829,220 square feet
  • Tolleson, AZ:                                     200,000 square feet
  • Tracy, CA:                                           total size unknown

Other overseas Costco depots are located in the United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.

Costco distribution depot in Mira Loma, CA - Source:

Artist’s image of the Costco distribution depot in Mira Loma, CA                       Source:


Posted in business, Canada, cities, commerce, consumerism, economic development, geography, globalization, infrastructure, land use, logistics, Maps, Mexico, North America, planning, product design, spatial design, transportation | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

North America’s newest intermodal railroad facilities – update

As a follow-up to the September 27, 2012, post on those cities with the most intermodal rail facilities in North America, here is a list of some of newest and most advanced intermodal rail facilities that have come on-line over the past few years.

  • Birmingham Regional Intermodal Terminal (opened October 2012): McCalla, AL (Birmingham); Norfolk/Southern Railroad = 316 acre site with an initial annual container lift capacity of 165,000 units.
  • Calgary Logistics Park (opened January 2013): Calgary, AB, Canada; CN Railroad = 170 acre site.
  • Central Florida Intermodal Logistics Center (opened October 2014): Winter Haven, FL (Lakeland); CSX Railroad = 318 acre site with an initial annual container lift capacity of 300,000 units.
  • Charlotte Regional Intermodal Terminal (opened December 2013): Charlotte, NC; Norfolk/Southern Railroad = 170 acre site with an initial annual container lift capacity of 140,000 units. *Located between the runways of Charlotte-Douglas International Airport.
  • Franklin County Regional Intermodal Terminal (opened June 2013): Greencastle, PA (Hagerstown, MD); Norfolk/Southern Railroad = 200 acre site with an initial annual container lift capacity of 85,000 units.
  • Global Transportation Hub (opened January 2013): Regina, SK, Canada; Canadian Pacific Railroad = 300 acre site with an initial annual container lift capacity of 250,000 units.
  • Joliet Intermodal Terminal (opened August 2010): Joliet, IL (Chicago); Union Pacific Railroad = 785 acres site with an initial annual container lift capacity of 500,000 units.
  • Kansas City Logistics Park (opened September 2013): Edgerton, KS (Kansas City); Burlington Northern/Santa Fe Railroad = 1,300 acre site with an initial annual container lift capacity of 500,000 units.
  • Memphis Intermodal Terminal (expansion opened April 2010): Memphis, TN; Burlington Northern/Santa Fe Railroad = 185 acre site with an initial annual lift capacity of 600,000 units.
  • Memphis Regional Intermodal Terminal (opened July 2012): Rossville, TN (Memphis); Norfolk/Southern Railroad = 400 acre site with an initial annual lift capacity of 327,000 units.
  • Northwest Ohio Intermodal Terminal (opened February 2011): North Baltimore, OH (Toledo); CSX Railroad = 200 acre site with an initial annual lift container lift capacity of 600,000 units.
  • Port Everglades Intermodal Terminal (expansion opened July 2014): Fort Lauderdale, FL; Florida East Coast Railroad = 42.5 acre site with an annual lift capacity of 450,000 units.
  • Rickenbacker Intermodal Terminal (opened March 2008): Columbus, OH; Norfolk/Southern Railroad = 250 acre site with an initial annual container lift capacity of 250,000 units.
  • Santa Teresa Intermodal Ramp (opened May 2014): Santa Teresa, NM (El Paso, TX-Ciudad Juarez, Mexico); Union Pacific Railroad = 2,200 acre site with an initial annual container lift capacity of 225,000 units.
  • Valleyfield Intermodal Terminal (opened January 2015): Salaberry-du-Valleyfield (Montreal, QC, Canada); CSX Railroad = 89 acre site with an annual lift capacity of 100,000 units.
  • Wylie Intermodal Hub (Opening Summer 2015): Wylie (Dallas, TX); Kansas City Southern Railroad = 92 acre site with an annual lift capacity of 342,000 units.
N/S Intermodal Terminal location at Charlotte Int'l Airport - Source:

N/S Intermodal Terminal location at Charlotte Int’l Airport – Source:


Posted in Active transportation, airports, Alternative transportation, Canada, cities, commerce, Communications, economic development, environment, geography, infrastructure, land use, logistics, Maps, North America, planning, rail, Railroads, spatial design, Statistics, transportation, urban planning | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Kudos to the kayak protesters of Seattle!

Source: Joshua Trujillo/

Source: Joshua Trujillo/

What an absolutely amazing photograph of the last weekend’s kayak protests in Seattle over Royal Dutch/Shell’s plan to begin Arctic Ocean oil drilling. If you cannot see or read the signs they sayShell no.”

While some have already argued that the activists are using kayaks partially made from oil-based products to conduct the protest, these naysayers are missing the point. As consumers, a portion of the protesters are willing to forgo oil-based products in the future to save the Arctic Ocean and other pristine habitat today. Other protesters may not mind using a kayak made from petroleum products, but prefer oil drilling to take place somewhere other than in the Arctic Ocean. Lastly, there are brands of kayaks made from recycled products on the market, as well as an active aftermarket for used kayaks on websites like eBay, craigslist, Regardless of their rationale or reasons, these activists have every right to protest what they see as being a poor environmental choice for our planet – drilling for oil in the pristine Arctic.

In a time of climate change and growing use of renewable and sustainable resources, the fossil industries of the planet will need to step aside or to adapt to the winds of innovation and change. Otherwise, they will join countless other bygone industries that no longer matter. The choice is theirs.

Posted in Advocacy, Cars, cities, civics, civility, climate change, Communications, consumerism, culture, energy, environment, globalization, history, humanity, nature, peace, politics, pollution, Renewable Energy, Science, social equity, sustainability, technology, transportation, volunteerism, Wildlife | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Grocery shopping au naturel



National organic and natural grocery chains such as Whole Foods, Trader Joe’s, Sprouts, and The Fresh Market have become increasingly familiar in cities across the country. However, there are a number of successful local and regional chains that also offer high quality produce, superb service, and competitive prices. Those known natural or organic grocers with at least two locations are listed below. any additions or corrections are most welcome.


Alfalfa’s Market (Boulder, Colorado) – two locations in Colorado: Boulder and Louisville.



Apple Valley Natural Foods (Berrien Springs, Michigan)- eight locations in MI (Battle Creek, Berrien Springs, Cadillac, Grand Rapids, and Holland), IL (Westmont), IN (Mishawaka), and WI (Fall River).


Better Health Market (Novi, Michigan) – ten locations in Michigan – Beverly Hills, Bloomfield, Grosse Pointe, Lansing (2), Novi, Plymouth, Shelby Township, Southgate, and Sterling Heights.

Bristol Farms (Carson, California) – 13 locations in California including 10 in Greater Los Angeles (Hollywood, Manhattan Beach, Newport Beach, Rolling Hills, Santa Monica, Westchester, West Hollywood, West Lake Village, and Westwood), and one each in Palm Desert, San Diego (La Jolla), and San Francisco.

Central Market (San Antonio, Texas) – nine locations in Texas including Austin (2), Dallas (2), Fort Worth,  Houston, Plano, San Antonio, and Southlake.

Dorothy Lane Markets (Dayton, Ohio) – three locations in the Dayton area.

Earth Fare (Fletcher, North Carolina) – 36 locations in 10 states of the Southeast and Midwest, with one new store opening soon in Atlanta. Stores are located in  AL (Auburn, Hoover, Huntsville, and Montgomery); FL (Jacksonville and Tallahassee); GA (Athens, Atlanta, and Martinez); IN (Carmel, Fort Wayne, Greenwood, and Noblesville);  KY (Louisville); MI (Portage); NC (Asheville – 2, Boone, Charlotte – 2, Greensboro, Huntersville, Morrisville, and Raleigh); OH (Centerville, Columbus, Fairlawn, and Fairview Park); SC (Charleston, Columbia, Greenville, and Rock Hill); and TN (Chattanooga, Johnson City, and Knoxville -2).

Erewhon Natural Foods (Los Angeles, California) – two locations in Los Angeles.

Fresh Thyme Farmers Market (Downers Grove, Illinois) 14 locations in four Midwestern states with 14 new stores opening soon including in two new states. Current locations include Chicago, IL (3); Cincinnati, OH (2), Columbus, OH; Dayton, OH; East Lansing, MI; Fort Wayne, IN; Indianapolis, IN (3); Lafayette, IN; and St. Louis, MO-IL (1). Locations to open soon include Chicago, IL (3); Columbus, OH; Dayton, OH; Detroit, MI (3); Indianapolis, IN (2); Milwaukee, WI; Minneapolis-St.Paul, MN; and St. Louis, MO-IL (2).

Good Foods Grocery (Richmond, Virginia) – two locations in the Richmond area.

Green Star Natural Foods Market (Ithaca, New York) – two locations in the Ithaca area.

Horrock’s Farm Market (Lansing, Michigan)- three locations in Michigan: Lansing, Battles Creek, and Grand Rapids

Lucky’s Market (Niwot, Colorado) – 11 locations in 11 states, including CO (Boulder and Longmont); FL (Gainesville); IA (Iowa City); KY (Louisville); MI (Ann Arbor); MO (Columbia and Ellisville); MT (Billings); OH (Columbus); and WY (Jackson Hole), with seven more stores under development –  FL (Coral Springs, Naples, and Plantation); GA (Savannah); IN (Bloomington); MI (Traverse City); and MO (Rock Hill).

Lunardi’s Markets (South San Francisco, California) – eight locations in the San Francisco Bay Region of California, including Belmont, Burlingame, Danville, Los Gatos, San Bruno, San Jose (2), and Walnut Creek.

Market of Choice (Eugene, Oregon) – eight locations in Oregon including Ashland, Corvallis, Eugene (4), Portland, and West Linn.

Metropolitan Markets (Seattle, WA) – six locations in Washington with one planned for 2016. Stores located in Kirkland, Seattle (4), and Tacoma. The new location will be in Sammamish.

MOM’s Organic Market (Rockville, Maryland) – 12 locations in the District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia, including DC (Washington); MD (Bowie, College Park, Frederick, Jessup, Rockville, Timonium, and Waldorf); PA (Bryn Mawr); and VA (Alexandria, Herndon, and Merrifield).

Mrs. Green’s Natural Market (Irvington, New York) – 17 locations in four states New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Illinois, as well as Alberta, Canada. Stores can be found in NY (Briarcliff Manor, Hartsdale, Katonah, Larchmont, Mahopac, Mt. Kisco, Scarsdale – 2, Suffern, Tarrytown, and Yorktown Heights); CT (Fairfield, New Canaan, and Stamford); NJ (West Windsor); IL (Chicago); and AB (Calgary). Two new locations are under development in NY (Dobbs Ferry and New York City)


Natural Grocers (Lakewood, Colorado) – 95 locations in 16 states west of the Mississippi River. Stores can be found in CO (Arvada, Aurora, Boulder, Castle Rock, Centennial, Colorado Springs – 2, Denver – 4, Dillon, Durango, Englewood, Evergreen, Fort Collins, Glenwood Springs, Golden, Grand Junction, Greeley, Lafayette, Lakewood – 3, Littleton – 2, Longmont, Montrose, Monument, Northglenn, Parker, Pueblo, Steamboat Springs, and Wheat Ridge); AR (Fayetteville); AZ (Flagstaff, Prescott, Sedona, and Tucson); ID (Boise, Coeur d’Alene, and Idaho Falls); KS (Lawrence, Mission, Olathe, Overland Park, Shawnee, Topeka, and Wichita -2); MO (Columbia and Independence); MT (Billings, Helena, Kalispell, and Missoula); ND (Fargo); NE (Lincoln and Omaha -2); NM (Albuquerque – 2, Farmington, Las Cruces, and Santa Fe); NV (Reno); OK (Edmond -2, Norman, Oklahoma City, and Tulsa – 2); OR (Beaverton, Bend, Corvallis, Eugene, Gresham, Happy Valley, Medford, and Salem); TX (Abilene, Amarillo, Austin – 2, Cedar Park, Dallas -2, Denton, Lubbock, Midland, Richardson, Temple, Tyler, and Wichita Falls); UT (Logan and St. George); WA (Vancouver); WY (Casper and Cheyenne)

New Seasons Markets (Portland, Oregon) – 17 locations in Oregon (15), Washington, and California. These include OR (Portland – 9, Beaverton – 2, Happy Valley, Hillsboro, Lake Oswego, and Tualatin); WA (Vancouver); and California (San Jose).

Outpost Natural Foods (Milwaukee, Wisconsin) – five locations in the Milwaukee area including Milwaukee (3); Mequon, and Wauwatosa.

PCC Natural Markets (Seattle, Washington) – 10 locations in metropolitan Seattle including Seattle (6); Edmonds, Issaquah, Kirkland, Redmond, and one new location opening in 2015 in Seattle.

Plum Market (Farmington Hills, Michigan) – four locations with two under development. Current locations include MI (Ann Arbor, Bloomfield Hills, and West Bloomfield); and IL (Chicago). New stores are under development in MI (Ann Arbor and Detroit Metro Airport).

Stew Leonard’s (Norwalk, Connecticut) – four locations in CT (Danbury, Newington, and Norwalk); and NY (Yonkers).

Yes! Organic Market (Washington, DC) – six locations, five in the District of Columbia and one in Hyattsville, Maryland.



Other sources:

Posted in cities, planning, culture, land use, bicycling, environment, health, food systems, economic development, entrepreneurship, economic gardening, history, nature, advertising, spatial design, placemaking, urban planning, Cuisine, coffee shops/cafes, geography, third places, fair trade, sustainability, fitness, Statistics, consumerism, Food, product design, marketing, branding, social equity, natural and organic foods | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Polishing our window to the world

Source: Wayne County Airport Authority

Detroit Metropolitan Airport – McNamara Terminal – Source: Wayne County Airport Authority

Detroit Metropolitan Airport is very impressive to anyone who arrives there by aircraft. Both the McNamara Terminal and the North Terminal are bright, shiny, modern, busy, welcoming, and clean.  The same cannot be said for those arriving by car or once passengers leave the airport grounds and access I-94 from Merriman Road (see map below). The interchange is a boring, outdated, decrepit, pot-hole filled dodgem course that rattles one’s bones down to their very core. It certainly is NOT welcoming.



If Michigan and Detroit want to really impress national and global visitors beyond the airport terminal buildings, some serious rethinking and redesign of the I-94 and Merriman Road interchange is needed and pronto. Personally, something on the order of what was done at I-94 and Telegraph Road would be a good start, though the interchange’s modified cloverleaf design needs to go.  There are so many great things about Detroit and Michigan – we need to be tooting our horn visually. This can be done via an updated highway interchange, as well as incorporating artistry, landscaping, wayfinding, and streetscaping.  In addition, a passenger rail connection of some sort needs to be added to the available options.

I-94 over Telegraph Road - Source:

I-94 over Telegraph Road – Source:

Many major cities across the nation have developed (or are developing) some form of commuter or light rail connection to their airport. These include Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Dallas-Fort Worth, Denver, Honolulu, Los Angeles, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Newark, New York (JFK and La Guardia), Oakland, Philadelphia, Providence, St. Louis, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle, and Washington (National and Dulles).  If Detroit wants to be a serious contender in the travel, convention, and business marketplace, rail service to Metro Airport has to be placed on the table. My suggestion would be to use the Norfolk Southern railway line that skirts the northern end of the airport. A secondary option would be to extend a light rail tram line from the AMTRAK route (a possible commuter route) connecting Ann Arbor and Dearborn.

Having traveled through major airports such as Seattle, Denver, and San Antonio over the past six months, it is clear that first impressions and convenient access are very important. While Detroit Metropolitan Airport is indeed impressive in itself, the current airport access routes to it from the north, and to a lesser extent from the south, are not even close. Now is the time for both MDOT and Wayne County Roads to team up to bring a bright, glossy shine to our state’s primary window to the world.

Posted in air travel, airport planning, airports, aviation, Cars, cities, commerce, economic development, geography, infrastructure, land use, logistics, Passenger rail, planning, rail, Railroads, spatial design, sustainability, tourism, traffic, transportation, Travel, urban planning | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

A luminous urban Pearl (street)


Boulder County Courthouse – Source:

There really is no other street like in the United States. The Pearl Street Mall in downtown Boulder, Colorado is an iconic place; and urban planner’s dream come true of walkable, urban shopping and entertainment packed into four glorious blocks between 11th and 15th Streets in the heart of this Front Range metropolis. Where other downtown open air malls have failed and been reopened to motor vehicles, Pearl Street stands the testament of time and success.  So much so, that in 2017, it will celebrate its 40th birthday.



Each time I have visited Boulder, I have been drawn to Pearl Street – to shop its eclectic mix of retail offerings – to dine and drink at its watering holes and bistros; to enjoy the fun and spontaneity of its artists, musicians, and street performers; to people watch; and to experience unique events such as the University of Colorado Buffaloes and marching band parading through downtown on a Friday night before a home football game.



Some personal favorites along the Pearl Street Mall include:




The mall is bookended by great shopping and dining in the West End and East End districts and includes my favorite dining spot in the entire city – West End Tavern.  Any visit to Boulder (or Denver) must include a trip to luminous Pearl Street. It will definitely light up your day!  Namaste.

Posted in Active transportation, adaptive reuse, architecture, art, brewpubs, cities, civics, colleges, commerce, consumerism, Cuisine, culture, downtown, economic development, economic gardening, entertainment, entrepreneurship, environment, Food, fun, geography, Geology, government, historic preservation, history, infrastructure, land use, landscape architecture, music, North America, pictures, placemaking, planning, product design, revitalization, skylines, spatial design, sustainability, third places, tourism, transportation, Travel, urban planning, walking, zoning | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

A beautiful Buddhist building blossoms



Above and below are images of the magnificent new Nan Tien Institute (a Buddhist educational center) located in Wollongong, Australia. The building’s entrance was designed to resemble the blooming petals of a lotus flower, which has three significant spiritual meanings to Buddhists. According to, the lotus has the following meanings:

“The lotus flower represents one symbol of fortune in Buddhism. It grows in muddy water, and it is this environment that gives forth the flower’s first and most literal meaning: rising and blooming above the murk to achieve enlightenment. The second meaning, which is related to the first is purification. It resembles the purifying of the spirit which is born into murkiness. The third meaning refers to faithfulness. Those who are working to rise above the muddy waters will need to be faithful followers.”



Consistent with its spiritual intent, Nan Tien Institute’s inspiring new building rises from the Earth to welcome and enlighten all those who may enter; it purifies the mind and spirit through its beautiful and bold interior and exterior design; and it is faithful to Buddhism through its architectural representation of the Lotus flower.



This lovely lotus flower of modern architectural fully blossomed for the public in March 2015. It is a perfect example of “form meeting function” and should stand as an iconic symbol for the entire Wollongong region for many years to come. Peace.







Posted in architecture, art, cities, civics, culture, diversity, education, environment, geography, humanity, inclusiveness, infrastructure, land use, landscape architecture, nature, Oceania, peace, pictures, placemaking, planning, product design, Religion, schools, skylines, spatial design, sustainability, tourism, Travel, Wildlife | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment