The following “borderline states” lead the nation in the percentage of their work force who live in another state. The District of Columbia is an obvious location commuting from out of the district and into the City of Washington. Likewise, states that are smaller geographically like Delaware, New Hampshire, or Rhode Island have a fair percentage of workers from outside their borders. However, the most common trait that all eleven states on the list depict is that each has one or more urbanized metropolitan area(s) situated on or very close to their border. This factor alone generates a significant amount of cross-border commuting. For instance:
- North Dakota has Fargo and Grand Forks bordering Minnesota.
- Wilmington, Delaware is adjacent to the borders of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland.
- Providence, Rhode Island is adjacent to Massachusetts and near Connecticut.
- Huntington, Wheeling, and Parkersburg are situated along West Virginia’s Ohio River border.
- Many suburbs of Kansas City, Missouri are on the Kansas side of the border.
- Numerous suburbs of Cincinnati and the city of Louisville on Kentucky’s Ohio River border.
- New York City and Philadelphia bordering New Jersey.
- Maryland borders Washington, DC and the suburbs in Virginia.
- Both St. Louis and Kansas City abut Missouri’s border with other states.
Here are the 2011 numbers for the top eleven states/district with the most out-of-state workers.
- District of Columbia – 72.4 percent
- Delaware – 14.8 percent
- Rhode Island – 12.8 percent
- North Dakota – 11.6 percent
- New Hampshire – 10.8 percent
- West Virginia – 10.0 percent
- Maryland – 9.1 percent
- Kansas – 8.4 percent
- Kentucky – 7.8 percent
- New Jersey – 7.8 percent
- Missouri – 7.4 percent
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2011 via AARP Bulletin, November 2013, page 44.