In recent years there was an effort to merge the communities of Saugatuck and Douglas in southwest Michigan. While this vote failed, there are 14 successful examples across the country. These are listed below.
- Sedro-Woolley, Washington (1898)
- Winston-Salem, North Carolina (1913)
- Dover-Foxcroft, Maine (1922)
- Milton-Freewater, Oregon (1951)
- Pico Rivera, California (1958) merger of two distinct unincorporated areas into one city.
- Fuquay-Varina, North Carolina (1963)
- Soddy-Daisy, Tennessee, (1969)
- La Cañada Flintridge, California (1976) merger of two distinct unincorporated areas into one city.
- Little River-Academy, Texas (1980)
- Melcher-Dallas, Iowa (1986)
- Leo-Cedarville, Indiana (1996)
- Norwood Young America, Minnesota (1997)
- Elko New Market, Minnesota (2006)
- Helena-West Helena, Arkansas (2006)
Source: en.wikipedia.org and personal knowledge
The reasons for such mergers can vary – in some cases it was to streamline services or cut costs. In other cases was to fend of off annexation, while in others it was a natural and logical combination as the communities were so interwoven economically and geographically. As government purse stings become tighter, additional examples may occur from time to time. In fact, it was quite surprising not to see any mergers since 2006 given the Great Recession that began in 2008 and continue for several years after that in many parts of the country.
Any additions or corrections are welcome. The list is not meant to include county mergers with cities.