The following post lists known bunker cities and towns that have been built as a way to survive a nuclear or biological holocaust and/or maintain continuity of government. Many were constructed during the Cold War era, some of which are now decommissioned and open to the public for tours (see list below). The list is limited to those that could house approximately 200 people or more.
My interest in this topic became peaked while listening to an interview with author Garrett M. Graff about his book Raven Rock: The Story of the U.S. Government’s Secret Plan to Save Itself–While the Rest of Us Die on the June 22nd episode of NPR’s Fresh Air. If you are interested in this book, here’s a visual link to it on Amazon.
Some of the these installations may contain the necessary facilities to house several hundred government or military personnel. Others are immense, and can safely house thousands for extended periods of time and contain a variety of amenities including churches and post offices. Ramenki Emergency Bunker near Moscow was large enough and equipped to house 15,000 people for up to 30 years! Beijing Underground City was meant to house up to a million people.
No doubt there likely other doomsday bunker cities and towns dotting the globe which were missed during an internet search. If you know of a bunker city/town that was not included, please feel free pass it along.
Thankfully, to date, it has not been necessary to use these grim facilities for their originally intended purpose. Hopefully, all of them will become museum relics of a sad time in human history. Peace!
U.S. Federal/Military Bunker Cities
- Cheyenne Mountain – Colorado Springs, Colorado
- Mount Pony – near Culpeper, Virginia
- Mount Weather – near Bluemont, Virginia
- Peters Mountain – near Charlottesville, Virginia
- Project Greek Mountain (decommissioned) – White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia
- Raven Rock – near Waynesboro, Pennsylvania
Other Government or Private Bunker Cities
- Bunk’Art 1 – Albania – open for tours
- Bunker Marienthal (decommissioned) – south of Bonn, Germany – portions open for tours
- Burlington (Wiltshire) Bunker (abandoned) – near Bath, England, UK
- Chekhov – near Moscow, Russia
- Cold War Bunker near Ruichang, China – open for tours
- Concrete Underground City (abandoned) – near Belgrade, Serbia
- Diefenbunker Borden (demolished) – Borden, Ontario, Canada
- Diefenbunker Carp (decommissioned) – Carp, Ontario, Canada – open for tours
- Diefenbunker Debert (demolished) – Debert, Nova Scotia
- Diefenbunker Nanaimo (demolished) – Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada
- Diefenbunker Penholder (demolished) – Penholder, Alberta
- DieFenbunker Shilo (demolished) – Shilo, Manitoba, Canada
- Diefenbunker Valcartier – Valcartier, Quebec, Canada
- Dixia Cheng – Beijing, China
- K-116 – in western Prague, Czech Republic
- Klara skyddsrum (“Klara shelter” or “Klara bunker”) – beneath Stockholm, Sweden
- Kosvinsky Kamen in the Ural Mountains of Russia
- Ostwald Fortification (abandoned) – near Pniewo, Poland
- Ramenki Emergency Bunker – near Moscow, Russia
- REGAN Øst (decommissioned) – in Zealand, Denmark
- Regan Vest (REGeringsANlæg) (decommissioned) – North Jutland, Denmark
- Sentralanlegget in Buskerud County, Norway
- Sharapova – south of Moscow,Russia
- Underground Project 131 – in Xianning, China
- Vivos Xpoint– near Edgemont, South Dakota –private bunker city
- Yamantau Mountain – near Mezhgorye, Russia
- 816 Nuclear Military Plant – near Chongqing, China – open for tours
Here are usual links to a couple of other books on the topic of Cold War era bunkers and related structures that are available on Amazon.