Canada’s Fastest Growing Province/Territory is…


No, it is not Pacific sunset British Columbia or energy-rich Alberta. Nor is it Toronto-infused Ontario. As a percentage, the fastest growing province/territory in Canada is the far-north Inuit territory of Nunavut which lodged an impressive a 12.7% increase in population in the five years between the 2011 and 2016 censuses.

Source: en.wikipedia.org

This data defies those who believe that growing places tend to be limited to those with temperate climates. In Nunavut’s case, the growth is mostly a matter of its high fertility rate – much higher than the rest of Canada.

Fertility Rate Comparison

  • Nunavut = 2.9 children
  • Canada average = 1.6 children

A review of communities across the territory shows the population growth is evenly spread out and not concentrated in a particular part of Nunavut. This factor and the number of similarly populated communities show a well-dispersed population base versus the Yukon and Northwest Territories where both have the vast majority of their populations concentrated around the territorial capital. In the Yukon, 70 percent of the population lives in Whitehorse, while in the NWT, 46 percent of the population lives in Yellowknife. By comparison, only 22 percent of Nunavut’s 2016 population resides in its capital of Iqaluit.

As can be seen from the table below, Nunavut has 14 communities with a population exceeding 1,000 residents. This compares to only two (2) in Yukon and six (6) in the Northwest Territories.

NUNAVUT TOWNS EXCEEDING 1,000 POPULATION IN 2016
TOWN* 2001 2006 2011 2016 Avg#/Yr
Arviat                  (fmr. Eskimo Point)
1899
2060
2318
2657
50.5
Baker Lake (Quamani’tuag)
1507
1728
1872
2069
37.5
Cambridge Bay (Iqaluktuttiaq)
1309
1477
1608
1766
30.5
Cape Dorset (Kinngait)
1148
1236
1363
1441
19.5
Clyde River (Kanngiqtugaapik)
785
820
934
1053
17.9
Gjoa Haven (Uqsuqtuuq)
960
1064
1279
1324
24.3
Iglulik
1286
1538
1454
1744
30.5
Iqaluit                 (fmr. Frobisher Bay)
5236
6184
6699
7740
166.9
Kugluktuk         (frmr. Coppermine)
1212
1320
1450
1491
18.6
Naujaat               (fmr. Repulse Bay)
612
748
945
1082
31.3
Pangnirtung
1276
1325
1425
1481
13.7
Pond Inlet (Mittimatalik)
1220
1315
1549
1617
26.5
Rankin Inlet (Kangiqiniq)
2177
2358
2266
2842
44.3
Taloyoak             (fmr. Spence Bay)
648
720
899
1029
25.4
* In some cases,it is unclear whether the town name has been formerly changed to its Inuit name, so both are provided. 
SOURCES:
en.wikipedia.org
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